体彩天下

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电池专题

燃料电池的研究方向,燃料电池基本原理。

来源:宝鄂实业    2019-02-28 10:34    点击量:

    燃料电池是一种把燃料所具有的化学能直接转换成电能的化学装置,又称电化学发电器。它是继水力发电、热能发电和原子能发电之后的第四种发电技术。由于燃料电池是通过电化学反应把燃料的化学能中的吉布斯自由能部分转换成电能,不受卡诺循环效应的限制,因此效率高; 另外,燃料电池用燃料和氧气作为同时没有机械传动部件,故没有噪原料,排放出的有害气体极少;声污染。由此可见,从节约能源和保护生态环境的角度来看,燃料电池是最有发展前途的发电技术。

 燃料电池的优点

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  燃料电池的工作原理

  RENMENCHANGYONGDEPUTONGDIANCHIYOUJIANXINGGANDIANCHI、QIANSUANXUDIANCHI、NIEQINGDIANCHIHELILIZIDIANCHIDENG。RANLIAODIANCHIHEPUTONGDIANCHIXIANGBI,JIYOUXIANGSI,YOUYOUHENDADECHAYI。TAMENYOUZHEXIANGSIDEFADIANYUANLI,ZAIJIEGOUSHANGDOUJUYOUDIANJIEZHI,DIANJIHEZHENGFUJILIANJIEDUANZI。ERZHEDEBUTONGZHICHUZAIYU,RANLIAODIANCHIBUSHIYIGECHUCUNDIANNENGDEZHUANGZHI,SHIJISHANGSHIYIZHONGFADIANZHUANGZHI,TASUOXUDEHUAXUERANLIAOYEBUCHUCUNYUDIANCHINEIBU,ERSHICONGWAIBUGONGYING。ZAIRANLIAODIANCHIZHONG,FANYINGWURANLIAOJIYANGHUAJIKEYIYUANYUANBUDUANDIGONGJIDIANJI,ZHIYAOSHIDIANJIZAIDIANJIEZHIZHONGCHUYUFENGEZHUANGTAI,NEIMEFANYINGCHANWUKETONGSHILIANXUBUDUANDICONGDIANCHIPAICHU,TONGSHIXIANGYINGLIANXUBUDUANDISHUCHUDIANNENGHERENENG,ZHEIBIANLILERANLIAODEBUCHONG,CONGERDIANCHIKEYIZHANGSHIJIANSHENZHIBUJIANDUANDIGONGZUO。RENMENZHISUOYICHENGTAWEIRANLIAODIANCHI,ZHISHIYOUYUZAIJIEGOUXINGSHISHANGYUDIANCHIYOUMOUZHONGLEISI:WAITEXINGXIANGDIANCHI,SUIFUHEDEZENGJIA,TADESHUCHUDIANYAXIAJIANG。

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燃料电池发展历程

  1、139年,英国科学家Grove 首先介绍了燃料电池的原理性实。
 2、1889年,L.Mond 和C.Langer 以铂黑为电催化剂,以钻孔的铂为电流收集器组装出燃料电池,当工作电流密度为3.5 mA /cm-2时电池的输出电压为0.73V.O这个研究已经很接近现代的燃料电池了。
体彩天下 3、20 世纪60 年代,燃料电池首次应用在美国航空航天管理局(NASA)的阿波罗登月飞船上作为辅助电源,为人类登月球做出了积极贡献。

 4、1959PEIGENZHIZAOCHUNENGGOUGONGZUODERANLIAODIANCHI,YEJIUSHIYIBURANLIAODIANCHIDE5kW DEHANJIEJI。TONGNIAN,\Allis-Chalmers GONGSIYETUICHULEDIBUYIRANLIAODIANCHIWEIDONGLIDENONGYONGTUOLAJI。

体彩天下   5、1973YANJIUZHONGDIANCONGHANGTIANZHUANXIANGDIMIANFADIANZHUANGZHI,LINSUANRANLIAODIANCHI( PAFC )、RONGRONGTANSUANYANDIANCHI( MCFC) YIJIZHIJIECAIYONGTIANRANQI、MEIQIHETANQINGHUAHEWUZUORANLIAODEGUTIYANGHUAWURANLIAODIANCHI(SOFC) ZUOWEIDIANZHANHUOFENSANSHIDIANZHANXIANGJIWENSHI。

体彩天下   1973 NIANFASHENGSHIYOUWEIJIHOU,SHIJIEGEGUOPUBIANRENSHIDAONENGYUANDEZHONGYAOXINGRENMENYANJIULEYIJINGHUAZHONGZHENGQIWEIRANLIAODELINSUANXINGRANLIAODIANCHI(PAFC,CHENGWEIDIYIDAIRANLIAODIANCHI)YIJINGHUAMEIQI、TIANRANQIWEIRANLIAODERONGRONGTANSUANYANXINGRANLIAODIANCHI(MCFC,CHENGWEIDIERDAIRANLIAODIANCHI)HAIYOUGUTIYANGHUAWUDIANJIEZHIRANLIAODIANCHI(SOFC,CHENGWEIDISANDAIRANLIAODIANCHI)。

体彩天下  1993 NIAN,JIANADABallard DIANLIGONGSIZHANSHILEYILIANGLINGPAIFANG、ZUIGAOSHISUWEI72km/ h、YIZHIZIJIAOHUANMORANLIAODIANCHI(PEMFC) WEIDONGLIDEGONGJIAOCHE[2],YINFALEQUANQIUXINGRANLIAODIANCHIDIANDONGCHEDEYANJIUKAIFARECHAO。

  6、MUQIANZAIPEMFC XIANGSHANGYEHUAMAIJINDEGUOCHENGZHONG,QINGYUANWENTIYICHANGTUCHU,QINGGONGYINGSHESHIJIANSHETOUZIJUDA,QINGDEZHUCUNYUYUNSHUJISHUYIJIQINGDEZHIBEIJISHUDENGHAIYUANLUOHOUYUPEMFC ZISHENDEFAZHAN,20 SHIJIMO,YICHUNLEIZHIJIEWEIRANLIAODERANLIAODIANCHICHENGWEILEYANJIUYUKAIFADEREDIAN,SHOUDAOLESHIJIEGEGUODEGUANGFANZHONGSHI,BINGQUDELEZHANGZUDEJINZHAN。